Optimized production of Serratia marcescens B742 mutants for preparing chitin from shrimp shells powders.

TitleOptimized production of Serratia marcescens B742 mutants for preparing chitin from shrimp shells powders.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsZhang, H, Fang, J, Deng, Y, Zhao, Y
JournalInt J Biol Macromol
Date Published2014 Aug
KeywordsAnimal Shells, Animals, Chitin, Crustacea, Enzyme Stability, Fermentation, Glycoside Hydrolases, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Molecular Weight, Mutation, Peptide Hydrolases, Powders, Serratia marcescens, Surface-Active Agents, Temperature

To improve the deproteinization (DP) efficacy of shrimp shell powders (SSP) for preparing chitin, Serratia marcescens B742 mutants were prepared using 2% diethyl sulfate (DES), UV-irradiation, and/or microwave heating treatments. Both single-stage and multi-stage mutations were investigated for optimizing S. marcescens B742 mutation conditions. Under the optimized mutation conditions (2% DES treatment for 30min plus successive 20min UV-irradiation), the protease and chitosanase activity produced by mutant S. marcescens B742 was 240.15 and 170.6mU/mL, respectively, as compared with 212.58±1.51 and 83.75±6.51mU/mL, respectively, by wild S. marcescens B742. DP efficacy of SSP by mutant S. marcescens B742 reached 91.4±4.6% after 3d of submerged fermentation instead of 83.4±4.7% from the wild S. marcescens B742 after 4d of submerged fermentation. Molecular mass of chitosanase and protease was 41.20 and 47.10kDa, respectively, and both enzymes were verified by mass spectrometry analysis. The chitosanase from both wild and mutant S. marcescens B742 was activated by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), Tween 20, Tween 40, and Triton-100, and the protease and chitosanase were strongly inhibited by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). These results suggested that S. marcescens B742 mutants can be used in the biological production of chitin through deproteinization of SSP.

Alternate JournalInt. J. Biol. Macromol.
PubMed ID24879920